Aubigne of Brittany

de Aubigne

by Jason J. Quick - 2017 ver3

Ralph the Large de Gahard and his Son Main de Aubigne were the lords of Aubigne, which included a cluster of towns and mound fortifications centered around the Breton village of Saint-Aubin-d'Aubigné.  The other villages included; Aubigné, Chauvigné, Gahard, Saint-Médard-sur-Ille, Mouazé, Saint-Germain, Saint Sulpice-la-Forêt and Montreuil-sur-Ille all located between Rennes and Vitré.  The Lord’s Aubigne held land in fee to the Lords of Fougères (Ferns), and probably shared a close relationship with them through a matrimonial marriage do to similar naming patterns.[1]

The first mention of Ralph the Large is about 1040 in a charter chronicling the donation of "borne wood" to the monks of Gahard.[2] Ralph was likely a participant in the 1066 Conquest of Britain under Duke William, attached to Breton cavalry.  After the conquest, Ralph received land around Raynham in the county of Norfolk.[3][4]  
Around 1206 Ralph the Large lost his English holdings due to his earlier participation in the Breton revolt of Ralph Gael in 1075 and he was a follower of  Ralph of Gael, Eudo fitz Clamarhoc, and Wihenoc Fitz Goranton and may have been found guilty by association.[5]   Ralph had eight sons other than Main. “Rad. Largus dedit nobis Eccliam Sancti Medardi cum &c. annuentibus, Maino, Jvano, Guill * Steph * Alfr * Rotb * Herv *Juhali * Herberto. Testes Rad. De Meso Germundi. &c”.[6] There is also a bastard son Albert mentioned in the previously mentioned charter to the Monks of Gahard, “Signum Albrici filii ejus bastardi.[2] Evan, Ralphs’s second son was in charge of restoring the Monastery of St. Melanie and later became the Archbishop of Dol in 1081.[6] 

Pedigree of Ralph the Large
Main de Aubigne, Ralph's eldest son, inherited his father’s lands in Saint-Aubin-d'Aubigné, Chauvigné and Saint-Germain.  In a charter giving lands in Chauvigné to the Monks of Mont-St-Michel c. 1100, are listed the names of Maine and some of his family.  Scribed are;“Maini de Sancto Germano”, his son Robert, in absentia (signed by Main himself) for his son Ralph, and Main’s wife Adelesia (Bohun).[7][8]  Ralph, Main’s eldest son, possibly by a different marriage, carried on the Breton line of Aubigny.[9]  this same Ralph witnessed a charter with his Uncle Juhel in 1106  “Radulfus de Albiniaco. Juhardus avunculus ejus.”[10]  
The Anglo-Breton line was carried out by Main’s son’s; William (Brito) and nephews; Ewen (Iwain), Elias, and Geoffrey whose father, Geoffrey de Chauvigne was either a son or son-in-law of Main.  Geoffrey de Chauvigne had two more sons named Osmund and Oliver, surnamed Chauvigne.[11]  Juhel also surnamed the Large, “le Largi” had a son Bardoul the Large who went on Crusade in 1146.  Bardoul is listed in a charter in Saint Sulpice-la-Forêt next to the town of Chauvigné, "Bardoul had taken the cross, staff and purse together."[12]

Main's wife was Adelisa de Bohun who was a daughter of Humphrey “the Bearded” de Bohun I. [13] Adelisa appeared in the 1129/30 Pipe Roll for Wiltshire as an aunt of Humphrey de Bohun III, mentioning  land that was granted by her brother, Humphrey de Bohun II.  Adelesia’s father Humphrey de Bohun I received lands in Tatterford, Norfolk after the conquest which was only two miles north of Raynham where she likely became acquainted with Main.[14]   
Humphrey de Bohun I was from St. Georges de Bohun on the Cotentin Peninsula and was son of Richard de Meri and Billehuede.[15]  Humphrey I was also the father of several sons, including Robert, who died before 1093, Richard de Meri, who occurs in Domesday Book, Humphrey II, who married Mabel daughter of Edward of Salisbury, Ingelger, a monk of Saint-Georges de Bohon, and the aforementioned, Adela (Adelesia) who occurs on the 1129/30 Pipe Roll as aunt of Humphrey de Bohun III.  Humphrey de Bohun I was also a benefactor of Saint-Leger des Preaux, where two of his un-named daughters were nuns and was dead by 1093, when his son Richard de Meri was in control of most of the Norman inheritance.[16]  Humphrey's Norman lands in the Cotentin and his English manor in Norfolk went to his younger son Humphrey II.  In charters, Humphrey I is stated to be a “kinsman” to William the Conqueror.

 Thorney Abbey Liber Vitae, fol 2r, BL Add. MS 40,000

William de Aubigne (Brito) I was a younger son of the Breton seigneur Main. His cognomen Brito distinguished him from his Norman namesake, William the Pincerna (Butler) , who came from Saint-Martin-Aubigne (Manche). William de Aubigne (Brito) assisted in the victory of Tinchebray in 1106, and was in favor with Henry I, attesting numerous royal charters, the earliest belonging to the periods from 1104 to 1116. William married Cecilia, daughter of Roger Bigod and Adeliza de Tosny, the principal coheiress of her maternal grandfather Robert de Tosny, lord of the honour of Belvoir in Lincolnshire. William de Aubigne (Brito) appears to have held land in Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Northamptonshire, some or all of which was his wife's marriage portion. The bulk of the Tosny inheritance, including Belvoir, appears not to have been held by William and Cecilia until c. 1130, after the death of Cecilia's mother Adeliza. Cecilia's younger sister Maud married William de Aubigne Pincerna. 
In 1130 William de Aubigne (Brito) appears as an itinerant justice in Lincolnshire and between 1135 and 1143 he attested a number of Lincolnshire charters by King Stephen. In 1146 Stephen granted William's estates to Ranulf of Chester. The general tenor of the grant, and the absence of any indication that William had joined the Empress, indicate that Stephen was granting the over lordship of William's estates in order to gain Ranulf's support, and not that William had suffered any royal disfavor. William was alive at least until 1148, the earliest possible date for a charter he gave for Pipewell abbey. By his wife he had two daughters, Matilda and Basilia, and four or five sons, including his eventual successor in Belvoir, William II and Ralph, who died at the siege of Acre in 1191. Much of the information on William's family comes from the Liber Vitae of Thorney Abbey (BL ADD. 40,000, fol. 2r) where their anniversaries were remembered. William and Cecilia completed the foundation of Belvoir priory, begun by Robert de Tosny and many of their descendants were buried there.  Taken and edited from: K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants, A Prosopography of persons occurring in English documents, 1066-1166: II Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum (Boydell Press, 2002), pgs. 270-71.

The fee of Belvoir then descended to William III and William IV de Aubigne, where it eventually came in to the possession of Robert de Ros of Hamelake who married Isabella de Aubigne, heiress of Belvoir.  

 Pedigree of William I de Aubigne Brito (Fee of Belvoir)

Geoffrey I de Chauvigne had at least five sons who bore either the name Aubigne, or Chauvigne, a place 10 miles from Aubigne, or used interchangebly.   Geoffrey was well provided for out of the Belvoir fief and his decendants long held of it in Engleby, Saxeby, Broxholm, Dryholm in Fosdyke, Torksey; in Barkston and Stathern, Leicestershire and Clipston, Nottinghamshire.  Elias inherited the Lincolnshire holdings and therefore probably was the eldest.  Iwain, styled Constable, used both surnames and held a fee of the Belvoir fief in 1166.  Oliver, Geoffrey, and Osmund de Chauvigne were called nephews of William of Belvoir.” From Alfred Welby, Lincolnshire Notes and Queries (Molton, Lincolshire Vol 15, 1919), pgs. 91-93.  Note: It is not 100% certain if Geoffrey is a son or son-in-law of Main.

Geoffrey II de Chauvigne, Nephew of William I de Aubigne Brito, was the son of Geoffrey I de Chauvigne. Geoffrey II was the brother of lwain, Helias, Oliver, & Osmund de Aubigne (BL Add. 4936, fol. 53v.  Georffrey II and his brothers attested a grant by Simon de Roppeslei to Belvoir priory.  He married Cecilia Brito, probably daughter of his lord Ralph Brito (BL Lansdowne 207b, 225 bis, including grant of Cecilia Le Bret mater Johannis de Chavenei in her widowhood) and had issue two sons, John and Alan. The anniversary of Gaufridus de Chaveny 'frater noster' was kept on 27 May at Belvoir priory.  He and his brother made a grant to Belvoir priory of the church of Plumgard for the soul their uncle William I de Aubigne and his son William II (BL Add. 4936 fol. 62r).  
Iwain and his son John attested another grant relating to Plumgard made by Geoffrey fitz Hervey (ibidem fol. 63). Iwain occurs in Belvoir charters as constable (Mon. Ang. vi, p. 290) and was married to a woman named Beatrice. There is little doubt that he should be identified with the Eudo (Iwain) de Aubigne, brother of Geoffrey II, who married Beatrice de Muskamp, widow of Geoffrey of Staunton (Rujford Ch., 328) In the necrology of Belvoir, which does not mention a Iwain de Aubigne, there is the following entry under August: “Beatrix soror nostra”. Gaufridus [sic] de Muscamp' (BL Add. 4936, fol. 30r). Malger of Staunton, son of Geoffrey and Beatrice de Muskamp, attested a charter which added to Belvoir's holding in Plumgard and was attested by John de Chauvigne, Iwain's nephew, and John son of lwain.   Taken and edited from: K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants, A Prosopography of persons occurring in English documents, 1066-1166: II Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum (Boydell Press, 2002), pg. 392.

Elias (Helias) de Aubigne Nephew of William I de Albini Brito, brother of Iwain de Aubigne and Geoffrey II de Chavigne was benefactor of Kirkstead, to which he and his son Ralph granted a meadow in Scampton. (Stenton, Danelaw Charters no. 206).  Elias held one fee of Roger de Mowbray at Strathern, Leicestershire, in 1166 and the fee of Belvoir was given or inherited. Elias was captured at the Seige of Dol-de-Bretagne Under Henry II in 1173 and in 1185 Elias married Hawise and had sons Ralf, Oliver and John, Elias Jr.,  Marchisius, Phillip, and a daughter, Drusiana who married Ralph IV de Neville of Scotton.  Taken and edited from: K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants, A Prosopography of persons occurring in English documents, 1066-1166: II Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum (Boydell Press, 2002), pg. 271.

Osmund de Chauvigne and Oliver fitz Geoffrey are the other two sons of Geoffrey de Chauvigne I. In a charter of William I de Aubuny Brito giving land in Pipewell to Thorney Monastary a list of witnesses were; three nephews; Oliver son of Geoffrey, Geoffrey, and Iwain. “tres nepotes mei, Oliverus filius Galfridi et Iwanus et Gaufridus de Cabivin”.  Osmund was a witness to a few charters and was also on a charter witnessed by Simon de Roppeslei of land in ClaxtonOsmundus de Chaveni, Aveinus de Albeneia, et Elias frater ejus.[17]  

Pedigree of Geoffrey de Chauvigne

The Breton line of Aubigne likely descends from Main Aubigne’s eldest son Ralph who was a witness to the charter at Mont-St-Michel in 1100.  Ralph is probably the father of Alemann de Aubigne who died sometime in the mid-12th century.  From Alemann descends the house of Aubigne in Brittany.  From charters and clues we can build a framework of a pedigree that is close to being accurate but may need some more revising as new information comes to light.[18][19][20][21]

Pedigree of the Breton Aubigne's (Framework not 100% correct)

Back in England, following the death of his father Elias,  Ralph de Aubigny inherited estates of Belvoir, Ingleby, Saxilby, and Broadholme. Ralph, however, later defected to the French in 1205 following King John's loss of Normandy. Philip de Aubigny, Ralps's brother and at least two of his other brothers entered the service of Robert de Breteuil, earl of Leicester. Oliver de Aubigne Philip’s other brother was granted the manor of Enderby and Philip was granted the manor of Waltham.  Philip de Aunigny later married Joan the widow of William de Bouquetot, and acquired land held of the abbey of St. Wandrille in Normandy and Horsmonden in Kent.   
Ralph’s estates went to his 2nd eldest son Ralph who married Isolda de Sulney.   This Ralph had a son Phillip who became Baron by writ in 1282 and after his death without heir, his brother Elias became baron in 1294.  This line through Elias de Aubigny became the Lord Daubeney and eventually ended on April 8th 1548 with the death of Henry Daubeney Lord Daubeney and Earl of Bridgewater.  Henry died childless and the estates went to his heir and nephew John Bouchier Earl of Bath Lord Fitz Warin, son of his sister Cicely.  Thus the Barony of Daubeney was united to Fitz Warin.[22]    

Pedigree of Ralph Aubigne (Barony of Daubney)

Pedigree of Elias de Aubigne father of Philip Aubigne of the Magna Carta

As mentioned before, King John granted the childless widow of William de Bouquetot, Joan de Pantulf[23] (daughter of Hugh de Pantulf le tort), to Phillip de Aubigne and ordered Guérin de Glapion, his seneschal, to give Phillip his wife’s possessions. The land of the deceased William was surveyed and the seneschal sent the King an Estimate. It was the famous Count of Leicester who served as guarantor to Philip for the payment of transfer duties.[24][25] Children were born of this second union because in 1211 the lady Say, widow of Henri de Ferrars claimed at the same time to the children of William de Bouquetot and the children of Philippe de Aubigne land that her husband had formerly sold to William. It was judged that the children should not be worried about this land as long as they would be minors.[26] I have not confirmed this by charters nor has any children been recorded.

Seal of Philip de Aubigne
Philip, unlike his elder brother, remained loyal to John and served as the constable of Ludlow in 1207, and was also appointed the keeper of the Channel Islands that same year, a title he retained until it was transferred to his nephew and namesake, Philip de Aubigne the younger, son of Ralph de Aubigne in 1219. Philip was appointed as a marshal of a proposed expedition to France in 1213, and served in the King's campaign in Poitou the following year.  Phillip was present at the signing of the Magna Carta as a member of the King's party, even being mentioned within the document and the second signer, he was soon appointed the Constable of Bristol after the outbreak of the First Barons War but a month later. Being the leader of the royalist forces in Kent and Sussex, he attained the title 'Commander of the Knights of Christ', and led various attacks upon the rebels from his stronghold at Rye.  He partook in the Battle of Lincoln in 1217, and commanded a ship during the Battle of Sandwich later that same year.

Following the Pro-Angevin victory in the war, Philip was appointed Keeper of the Honour of Leicester and Constable of Devizes Castle.  He was also the tutor of the young Henry III, most likely responsible for teaching him the skills of war, riding and knighthood. For his role in the boy king's education, de Aubigne was granted several escheats, including the manor of Chewton Mendip and South Petherton in Somerset, and Bampton in Oxfordshire. He also served as ambassador to extend the truce with France in 1221, and the following year was permitted to farm his estates in England in return for service in the Fifth Crusade. However, he only arrived in time to witness the crusaders defeat at Damietta. In 1223 he was sent on embassies to Brittany, Poitou, and the court of France. Later that year he was responsible for entertaining the King of Jerusalem (then Isabella II) amid a fund-raising mission to England, and in the same year helped defend the Abbot of Westminster against an attack by a London mob.

In 1225 he accompanied Richard, the younger brother of Henry III, in an expedition to Gascony and Poitou, remaining overseas for the following 2 years. He was ambassador to the court of France in 1227 and 1228, and served as Sheriff of Berkshire and Keeper of the Honour of Wallingford from 1227 to 1229. In July 1228 he was granted 500 marks by the king to join Emperor Frederick II's crusade, however he most likely didn't serve in such as he was in the service as a royal emissary, with missions to France in November 1228 and May 1229. In 1230 he joined the King's expedition to Brittany and Poitou, and at sometime between 1232 and 1234, regained the Channel Islands and played a prominent part in negotiations between the King and Pierre, Duke of Brittany.

In 1235, Phillip de Aubigne set out on one final crusade with his brother Oliver.   Phillip died in the Holy Land a year later, and was subsequently buried in front of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.  As Philip left no living legitimate children that we know of, his estate in South Petherton and a majority of his Lincolnshire lands were granted to his nephew, Ralph de Aubigne, brother of Philip the younger. This is due to either Philip the younger's defecting to France like his father, or dying, in 1225. This saw the estate of Ingleby being transferred to Philip the elder years prior. Taken and edited from,Nicholas Vincent, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, first published 2004; online edn, May 2006. With minor corrections of the Ancestry of Phillip.

Philip de Aubigne was a celebrated knight during his illustrious career, known for his vast knowledge and skills with arms,[27] as well as excising his diplomatic mastery with talks between England and France. During his times as a crusader, Philip was the epitome of the archetypal zealous and idealistic crusader, who truly achieved something in his long life and was graced by being buried beside one of the holiest of sites.  Henry III called Philip his “beloved and faithful”[28]  

 Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Church of the Holy Sepulcher and Philip Aubigne's Tomb

“In the year 1867, there was still to be seen on the right-hand side of the door leading into the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a great stone bench or mastaba, which, as it rested immediately upon the paved floor of the forecourt, partly blocked up the way into the church. The French Consul General,  M. Edmond de Barrere, having at this time obtained permission from the local authorities to do away with this bench, which was greatly in the way of pilgrims coming and going in and out of the church.  The demolition of the bench led to an interesting archaeological discovery. When the bench was removed beneath it was found, built into the floor stones of the forecourt, from which it formed a slight projection, a fine tombstone in situ. It was a trapezium in shape, with beveled edges, and bore a Latin epitaph of three lines, in carefully carved thirteenth century letters. The epitaph can be read without any difficulty.  Philippe de Aubigne. May his soul rest in peace.  Amen.” Below this are carved the arms of the deceased: four fusils in fess, upon a heater shaped shield. This discovery, curious as it was passed almost unnoticed, and it was not until much later, after I had mentioned it in a periodical, Muese Archeologique (Vol I 1875) pg. 241 that it led to the learned researches which have resulted in the certain identification of the historic personage who still lies beneath this slab.” Taken from, Charles Clermont-Ganneau, Archaeological researches in Palestine during the years 1873-1874, (Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1899) pgs. 106-7

Inscription on Philip's Tomb

In 1925, during the British Mandate over Palestine, an excavation of the grave for purposes of restoration uncovered Sir Philip’s bones as well as tablets inscribed in Latin describing his family tree. Based on these explorations, Sir Ronald Storrs, the military governor of Jerusalem, authenticated the tomb and Philip’s lineage in a 1925 article published in The Times of London.

The restoration of the grave was carried out by the British Pro-Jerusalem Society headed by Storrs. At that time the tombstone was re-set slightly below the level of the courtyard pavement but left visible through a protective metal grating. Today the slab lies in exactly the same spot, but hidden from view by a well-worn wooden hatch. – London Times 1925
Oliver de Aubigne married the widow of the leading royalist Philip of Oldcoates in 1221, and later bequeathed land at Enderby in Leicestershire upon his death to the canons of Croxton Abbey, where he was buried.[29] Oliver also fathered a child named Margaret de Aubigny by an unknown wife while serving in the Jersey Isles with his brother. The seal of Philip de Aubigne shows his arms to have been gules four fusils conjoined in fesse argent, identical with those of De Carteret from a pedigree of De Carteret entered in the records of the College of Arms by Sir George de Carteret.  It still not 100% certain who was Margaret's father.  She was niece and heiress of Philip Aubigne and Philip.[30]

Drusiane de Aubigne had married, probably about 1180, Ralph IV de Neville of Scotton.[31][32] This branch of the Neville family held three knight's fees of the abbot of Peterborough at Scotton, Manton, Holme, Raventhorpe and Ashby, Lincolnshire and two fees of Gilbert de Gant in Filey and Muston, Yorkshire. They had sons; Robert who married Eustachia Trian, Elias, and Ralph de Neville.[33]

1. Michel Brand’Honneur, Manoirs et Châteaux Dans le Comté de Rennes (Univerity of Rennes, 2001) pgs. 171,178-9,187,193,& 266 Translated from French
2. Arthur de la Borderie, Recueil d'actes inédits des ducs et princes de Bretagne, pg. 33. Donation of Raoul Le Large to the priory of Gahrad (1040-1066) “Radulfus cognomento Largus donat Sancto Exupcrio silvam Bornus,  monachis qui in Gahardo commorantur. Signum ejus et Mainonis, Heweni et Guillelmi filiorum ejus. Signum Albrici filii ejus bastardi. A la marge Signum comitis Conani Signum comitis Heudonis
3. Cartulary Title: Feet of Fines for the County Norfolk 1198-1202 Date: 1200 all the land which Ralph Largus (Radulfus Larges) held in Reinham (Raynham)
4. Cartulary Title: Beauchamp Cartulary, 1100-1268 Date: 1206 “Richard Lowoghewall the children of the east, and toward the west, and in Stockholm, according to the verses of Cecilia Luyo and two acres of meadow and two acres and a half, meadow under the messuage of Richard son of Cecilia, at the meadow that belonged to Ralph Largus (Radulfi Largi)”
5. K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People (Boydell & Brewer 1999) pgs. 44-5
6. B. N. lat. 5441.3 pgs 295-296 Largus dedit nobis Eccliam Sancti Medardi cum &c. Annuentibus filiis juis, Manio, Ivano, Guill . Steph . Alfr . Rotb . herv . Juhali . herberto.  Testes Rad. De Meso Germundi. & c
7. Catherine Laurent, Bernard Merdrignac, Daniel Pichot, Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'Ouest, Mondes de l'Ouest et villes du monde: Regards sur les sociétés médiévales Mélanges en l'honneur d'André Chédeville, 1998 pgs. 314, 322-3    
9. K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Shaun Tyas, The Cartulary of the Abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel (2006) pgs. 143-4, Carta de Albinneio c. 1100  NOTVM sit omnibus ueram sancte trinitatis fidem colentibus. Mainnum quendam nobilem uirum de Albinnei castro cum propria uxore quondam sancti Michaelis adisse limina. ac fratribus eiusdem sancte ecclesie sedule famulantibus quandam fecisse donationem de quadem maiteria ut uulgo dicitur. quam apud quandam uillam que Caluinnei dicitur habebat. pro salute sui uxorisque sue infantum quoque suorum ac omnium amicorum. et ut predicti fratres assidue sui in orationibus suis sint memores. Si quis huic dono calumpniam inferre presumpseritr sit maledictus cum Iuda traditore Domini. Vt autem hoc uerius credatur. ac per labentia tempora firmius teneatur. nomina eorum qui presentes adfuerunt cum signis uiuifice crucis que fecerunt subter notata sunt. [fol. 78v] Signum Maini [ + ] qui donum fecit. Signum uxoris eius Adelesie [ + ]. Signum Rotberti filii eius. Signum Frotgerii militis. Signum Torulfi. Signum Maini de Sancto Germano. Signum Ilgerii prepositi. Signum Guarini Ernaldi filii. Signum quod fecit Mainus [ + ] sub persona filii sui Radulfi qui absens erat et tamen hoc donum concessit.”
9. K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Le rôle des Bretons dans la politique de la colonisation normande d'Angleterre (c.1042-1135) (Published MSHAB 74 181-215 1996) pg. 21
10. Rennes, AD Ille-et-Vilane, 6 H 16 n° 7 c. 1106, “Radulfus de Albiniaco, Juhardus avunculus ejus”.
11. John Horace Round, The Manuscripts of His Grace the Duke of Rutland: Letters and papers, 1440-1797. v.4. Charters, cartularies, &c. Letters and papers, supplementary. Extracts from household accounts John James Robert Manners Duke of Rutland, (H.M. Stationery Office 1905) pgs. 98-174.
12. Pierre Hyacinthe Morice, Mémoires pour servir de preuves à l'histoire ecclésiastique et civile de Bretagne (C. Osmont, 1742) pg. 63, “Bardolus filius Juhalli Largi suscepta cruce & habita voluntate eundi in Jerusalem
13. Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 2r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan, K. 'Domesday People Revisited', Foundations, Vol. 4 (May 2012), p. 10."Main pater Willelmi de Albinico, Adelisa, Hunfredus de Buun avunculus eius…Willelmu[us] de Albinioc"
14. Robin Fleming, Domesday Book and the Law: Society and Legal Custom in Early Medieval England (Cambridge University Press,2003) pg. 363
15. Jean Le Melletier, Les seigneurs de Bohon, illustre famille anglo-normande, originaire du Cotentin (1978) pg. 119. In a charter of Humphrey I Bohon probably written around 1060 (between 1049 and 1066), it conceded in Saint-Martin-de-Marmoutier Abbey Priory that he had founded on his land. Note that this original document was preserved in the archives of the Bohon Priory and was destroyed in the fire at Saint-Lô in 1944. It reads: "That Omnibus sunt and futuri sunt innotescat quod quidam nobilis vir dives and Unfridus miles concessit dedit Sancto Martino cellam of Bohonio quam ipse that fundavera.  And India is carta ejus in hec verba. Quoniam ... Ego Unfridus miseratione divina permotus domum religiosm in feudo of Meo Buhun erigere decrevi and monachos ibi Posui who Deo et Sancte Marie in ecclesia Sancti Georgii in perpetuum deserviant and predictam domum cum omnibus appendiciis am Sancto Martino Majoris Monasterii dedi libenter and Concessi . And Deo sic hoc elemosinatio inspiring, Domino autem facta Favente Guilelmo committee is pro remedio anime mee and Ricardi patris mei Meri defuncti and Bileheldis matris mee defuncte in octabis Penthecostes coram venrabili patre Gaufrido Constanciensi episcopo benedicente and confirming etiam coram ... abbate Sancti Martini and Arnulfo and Heriberto and Rotgero monachis and quam pluribus aliis quorum nomina hic annotantur ... Item sequitur of eodem (sic)"
16. K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday Descendants (Boydell & Brewer 2002) pgs. 109-10
17. Sir William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum Vol. 6 Part 1 (London,1830) pg. 134
18. John Horace Round, Calendar of documents preserved in France 918-1206. Vol. 1, Volume 1, (H.M. Stationery Office, 1899) pg. 300; Charter  829. Settlement of a dispute between the monks of Savigny and John, Ralf, and William de Moscon, sons of Robert de Moscon, in the presence of Ralf, lord of Fougères, Alan of Dinan, and Ralf de Albinneio. (Alan de Dinan died in 1157)
19. Lechaude D ́Anisy, Recherches sur Le Domesday par et de Sainte Marie (C. M. Lesaulnier. 1842) pgs. 97-8; Translated from French “perfectly preserved seal of Bertrand d Aubigny, whose seal without color represents three pots two and one with the epigraph: Sigillum Bertranni de Albihneio. The charter to which this seal is appended is not dated; but Bertrand gives to the abbey of Savigny a rent for the soul of his father, Alemanni de Albigneio, who, in an earlier chart, appeared as a witness with Alain de Dinan and Alain le Ruff Roux, consequently towards the middle of 12th century.“   This seal and charter has been lumped with the Pincerna Aubigne family because of the seal  “trois pots deux et un”.  This seal closely resembles the seal of Raoul Aubigne in Brittany.  The names Bertrand son of Aleman, along with being a witness with his Lord Alain de Dinan would place him from St Aubin Aubginy.
20. Pierre-Hyacinthe Morice, Mémoires pour servir de preuves à l'Histoire ecclésiastique et civile de Bretagne  1149. Radulfo de Albiniaco pg. 604, 1199. Curia Domini Radulfi de Albineio ballivi tunc temporis terrae Alemanni filii Bertanni de Albineio. Et quia sigillo, carebam rogavi Dominum Radulfum de Albineio terrae Ballivum pg. 780, 1182. Domino Willelmo de Albineio amico ….Dominus Johannes de Albinneio homagium secit Johanni silio meo coram multis pg. 692, 1189. Allemanno & Roberto de Albigneio pg. 717, 1199. Autre faite a la Vieuville par Guilliame d’ Aubigne: Willelmus de Albigneio …Domino Hasculfo….concesserunt duo filii mei Radulfus & Willelmus, & Stephanus frater meus. Testibus his M. Abbate. Stephano de Albigneio pg. 776
21. A. J. Duvergier Mémorial historique de la noblesse, Volume 2, (chez l'éditeur, 1840) pg. 248, 1214. “Guillaume et Aleman d’ Aubigne”
22. Vicary Gibbs, The Complete Peerage Vol IV (H.A. Doubleday, 1926) pgs. 93-105
23. J. Letertre, Notices, mémoires et documents, Volumes 1-2 Société d'agriculture, d'archéologie et d'histoire naturelle du département de la Manche, Société d'agriculture, d'archéologie et d'histoire naturelle du département de la Manche, Saint-Lô, (Manche,1851) pg. 166, “Universis sancte Matris ecclesie filiis Henricus de Ferrariis salutem. Notum sit vobis quod ego H de Ferrariis reddidi Willelmo de Boketot qui habet in uxorem Johannam filiam Hugonis Pantof heredem de Samcela omne tenementum de Sameele, ad precem domini Ricardi regis Anglie et pro ducentis libris Andcgavensium sicut Hugo Pantof le tort de Auberi, et Hugo Pantof filiusejus idem tenementum habuerunt et tenuerunt”
24. Lechaude d’Anisy, Grands Rôles Des Échiquiers De Normandie, Publiés Par Léchaudé-D'Anisy, Volume 1 (Paris, 1845) pg. 104, “Dominus Rex concessit Philippo de Albenino. uxorem que fuit Willelmi de Buketot cum tota terra sua Et mandatum est G. de Glapion senescallo Normannie et G. filio Petri quod ei de ipsa uxore et terra sua saisinam habere faciant et etiam faciant scire Domino Regi quid terra ipsius valeat. Et Comes Lecestrie est plegiat. ipsius Philippi de fine quem faciet Domino Regi
25. Mancel Libraire, Mémoires de la Société Des Antiquaires de Normandie (Caen, 1834) pg. 431 no. 186
26. Anatole Caresme Delcroix, Dictionnaire historique de toutes les communes du département de l'Eure: histoire, géographie, statistique, Volume 1, (Delcroix, 1868) pg. 485, Des enfants naquirent de cette seconde union, car, en 1211, l devant l’échiquier, la dame du Sap, veuve de Henri de Ferrières, réclamait à la fois aux enfants de Guillaume de Bouquetot et aux enfants de Philippe d Aubigny, une terre que son mari avait autrefois vendue audit Guillaume. Il fut jugé que les enfants des deux lits ne devaient pas être inquiétés au sujet de cette terre, tant qu’ils seraient mineurs
27. Payne, James Bertrand (1859). Armorial of Jersey. Jersey. pg. 69
28.Paul Dryburgh, Beth Hartland Calendar of the Fine Rolls of the Reign of Henry III: 9 to 18 Henry III, 1224-1234) Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2007) pg 194. charter 114
29. Thomas Duffus Hardy, Rotuli Lit. Claus. (London, MDCCCXXXIIII). pg. 449.
30. Charles A Bernou The Genealogical Magazine, Volume 4 (E. Stock, 1901) pg. 55
31. Curia Regis Rolls, 4-5 Henry III (HMSO, London: 1952) p. 324, "Drusiana de Alban'"
32. Curia Regis Rolls, 5-6 Henry III (HMSO, London: 1949) p. 135, "Drusiane que fuit uxor Radulfi de Nevill"
33. Frank Merry Stenton, Sir Christopher Hatton’s Book of Seals (no. 35)(Oxford, 1950), pg. 23, “Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Philippus de Albiniaco dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmaui Radulfo de Neuilla nepoti meo totum manerium meum de Endredeby cum bruillio et cum omnibus pertinenciis suis in plano . in bosco . in uiis . in semitis in pasturis . in pannagio . in herbagio . in pascione . in molendinis . in aquis . in pratis pro homagio et seruicio suo habendum . et tenendum sibi et heredibus suis . de me et heredibus meis . libere . integre . honorifice . hereditarie . per seruicium quarte partis feodi unius militis pro omni seruicio . consuetudine et exactione . Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus dicto Radulfo et heredibus suis dictum manerium cum omnibus dictis pertinenciis per predictum seruicium inperpetuum contra omnes gentes. Et in huius rei testimonium huic carte mee sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Rogero de Quenci . Ricardo de Gray . Rogero la Zuche . Bertran de Garclip . Willelmo de Percy . Oliuero de Sancto Georgio . Willelmo de Cnapwell’ . Eueraddo de Trumpintona . Willelmo de Waltham et multis aliis.”